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US Aid Cuts Hit Palestinians           01/22 06:05

   JERUSALEM (AP) -- Tens of thousands of Palestinians are no longer getting 
food aid or basic health services from America, U.S.-funded infrastructure 
projects have been halted, and an innovative peace-building program in 
Jerusalem is scaling back its activities.

   The Trump administration's decision last year to cut more than $200 million 
in development aid to the Palestinians is forcing NGOs to slash programs and 
lay off staff as the effects ripple through a community that has spent more 
than two decades promoting peace in the Middle East.

   The U.S. government's development agency, USAID, has provided more than $5.5 
billion to the Palestinians since 1994 for infrastructure, health, education, 
governance and humanitarian aid programs, all intended to underpin the eventual 
creation of an independent state.

   Much of that aid is channeled through international NGOs, which were 
abruptly informed of the cuts last summer and have been scrambling to keep 
their programs alive.

   President Donald Trump says the USAID cuts are aimed at pressuring the 
Palestinians to return to peace talks, but Palestinian officials say the move 
has further poisoned relations after the U.S. recognized Jerusalem as Israel's 
capital last year. The aid groups, many of which have little or no connection 
to the Palestinian Authority, say the cuts hurt the most vulnerable 
Palestinians and those most committed to peace with Israel.

   "If you want to maintain the idea of the peace process, you have to maintain 
the people who would be part of the peace process," said Lana Abu Hijleh, the 
local director for Global Communities, an international NGO active in the 
Palestinian territories since 1995.

   Before the aid cuts were announced, it provided food aid --- branded as a 
gift from the American people --- to more than 180,000 Palestinians in the 
Israeli-occupied West Bank and Gaza on behalf of the World Food Program. USAID 
had planned to contribute $19 million a year for the next five years to 
continue the project but pulled out in August.

   Global Communities can now only provide aid to 90,000 people through March, 
and Abu Hijleh had to lay off around 30 staff, including in Gaza, where 
unemployment exceeds 50 percent.

   "It really hurts, because you're talking about the most basic level of 
assistance," she said. The average family receives a monthly voucher worth 
around $130.

   Sadeqa Nasser, a woman living in Gaza's Jebaliya refugee camp, used her 
voucher to support her disabled husband, their six children and four 
grandchildren.

   She says her sons each bring in less than $5 a day from odd jobs. "They 
cannot afford to buy food for their families, so I help them out," she said.

   Since the aid was cut off, she's been able to qualify for welfare payments 
from the Palestinian Authority, which itself relies heavily on foreign aid. 
"Without it we would go hungry," she said.

   Funding has also been cut for a five-year, $50 million program run by a 
coalition of NGOs to provide health services, including clinical breast cancer 
treatment for some 16,000 women and treatment for some 700 children suffering 
from chronic diseases.

   Infrastructure projects, including desperately needed water treatment 
facilities in the blockaded Gaza Strip, have also been put on hold.

   Anera, which has carried out development projects in the Middle East for 
more than 50 years, said it was forced to halt five infrastructure projects in 
the West Bank and Gaza before completion and cancel three more in Gaza that 
were pending funding approval. It says the projects would have benefited more 
than 100,000 people.

   The NGOs are reaching out to other donors, but USAID is one of the biggest 
sources of funding for a global aid community overwhelmed by conflicts in 
Syria, Yemen and elsewhere.

   The Trump administration has also cut off funding for peace-building 
initiatives involving Palestinians --- even residents of east Jerusalem, which 
Israel considers to be part of its capital. The Palestinians want east 
Jerusalem, which Israel captured in the 1967 war and annexed in a move not 
recognized internationally, to be the capital of their future state.

   Kids4Peace, a group founded by Israeli and Palestinian families in Jerusalem 
in 2002, brings Jewish, Christian and Muslim teenagers together for seminars 
and summer camps where they can share their experiences and learn more about 
one another.

   The group's organizers acknowledge the longstanding criticism of such 
initiatives --- that campfires and singalongs won't bring peace to the Middle 
East, especially after a decade of diplomatic paralysis and little hope for 
resuming meaningful negotiations.

   But they say that with a $1.5 million USAID grant in 2016 they tripled the 
number of annual participants to around 70 and revamped programs. USAID takes a 
hands-on approach, requiring regular audits and demanding concrete 
accomplishments.

   Participants now take part in a Youth Action Program in which they plan and 
execute projects in their communities. One group is campaigning for Arabic 
subtitles in Jerusalem cinemas. Another set up a community garden in a tense 
neighborhood where Jews and Arabs had rarely interacted.

   Kids4Peace was a finalist for another $1.5 million grant this year, but that 
has been indefinitely postponed because of the funding cuts. It will continue 
to run programs with the help of private donors, but its growth prospects are 
in doubt.

   "We see the trend lines moving in a negative direction, in terms of more 
hostile attitudes toward the other, less interaction between Israelis and 
Palestinians, more resistance to peace negotiations," said the Rev. Josh 
Thomas, executive director of Kids4Peace International. "We see that as a need 
for greater investment rather than less."

   Trump also halted aid to the U.N. agency for Palestinian refugees, which 
provides basic services to more than 5 million Palestinians across the Middle 
East, but UNRWA was able to narrow the funding gap with aid pledges from other 
countries.

   Palestinian officials say they won't bow to pressure.

   "We don't want their money, we don't want anything to do with America," said 
Nabil Shaath, an adviser to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. "If (Trump) 
thinks he can put pressure on us through his money, it won't work."

   Critics of the policy fear that cutting off aid will further diminish 
Washington's ability to manage a conflict that remains highly combustible.

   "When America vacates the Middle East space, we do so at our own risk and we 
do it to the benefit of our adversaries," said Dave Harden, a former USAID 
mission director in the West Bank and Gaza.


(KA)

 
 
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