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Admin to Approve Keystone XL Pipeline  03/24 08:53

   The Trump administration issued a permit Friday to build the Keystone XL 
pipeline, reversing the Obama administration and clearing the way for the $8 
billion project to finally be completed.

   WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Trump administration issued a permit Friday to build 
the Keystone XL pipeline, reversing the Obama administration and clearing the 
way for the $8 billion project to finally be completed.

   The decision caps a years-long fight between environmental groups and energy 
industry advocates over the pipeline's fate that became a proxy battle over 
global warming. It marks one of the biggest steps taken to date by the Trump 
administration to prioritize economic development over environmental concerns.

   The State Department, responsible for reviewing the project because it 
crosses an international border, determined that building it serves U.S. 
national interests. That conclusion followed a review of environmental, 
economic and diplomatic factors, the department said.

   It wasn't immediately clear what, if anything, had changed since the State 
Department reached the opposite conclusion two years ago, other than the 
election of a new administration. President Donald Trump planned to address 
Keystone during an announcement on Friday morning, White House spokesman Sean 
Spicer said on Twitter.

   TransCanada, the Calgary-based company that first applied for a presidential 
permit in 2008, called the decision a "significant milestone."

   "We greatly appreciate President Trump's administration for reviewing and 
approving this important initiative," said TransCanada CEO Russ Girling. "We 
look forward to working with them as we continue to invest in and strengthen 
North America's energy infrastructure."

   But Greenpeace, one of the pipeline's most vocal opponents, said it sent a 
signal to the world that the U.S. is "moving backwards" on climate and energy, 
and pledged to keep fighting it nonetheless.

   "Keystone was stopped once before, and it will be stopped again," said Annie 
Leonard, the group'a U.S. director.

   The 1,700-mile (2,735 kilometers) pipeline, as envisioned, would carry oil 
from tar sands in Alberta, Canada, to refineries along the Texas Gulf Coast, 
passing through Montana, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas and Oklahoma. The 
pipeline would move roughly 800,000 barrels of oil per day, more than one-fifth 
of the oil Canada exports to the U.S.

   Portions of Keystone have already been built. Completing it required a 
permit to cross from Canada into the U.S.

   Yet even with a presidential permit, the pipeline still faces obstacles - 
most notably the route, which is still being heavily litigated in the states. 
Native American tribes and landowners have joined environmental groups in 
opposing the pipeline.

   TransCanada said Friday it would continue engaging with "neighbors 
throughout Nebraska, Montana and South Dakota to obtain the necessary permits 
and approvals to advance this project to construction."

   In an unusual twist, the presidential permit was signed by Tom Shannon, a 
career diplomat serving in a senior State Department role, rather than by 
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson. The former CEO of oil company Exxon Mobil 
recused himself after protests from environmental groups who said it would be a 
conflict of interest for Tillerson to decide the pipeline's fate.

   Canadian Natural Resource Minister Jim Carr said the Canadian government is 
pleased with the decision. Ninety-seven percent of Canada's oil exports go to 
the U.S.

   "Nothing is more essential to the American economy than access to a secure 
and reliable source of energy. Canada is that source," Carr said.

   Oil industry advocates say the pipeline will improve U.S. energy security 
and create jobs, although how many is widely disputed. Calgary-based 
TransCanada has promised as many as 13,000 construction jobs --- 6,500 a year 
over two years --- although the State Department previously estimated a far 
smaller number. The pipeline's opponents contend the jobs will be minimal and 
short-lived, and say the pipeline won't help the U.S. with energy needs because 
the oil is destined for export.

   A Trump presidential directive also required new or expanded pipelines to be 
built with American steel "to the maximum extent possible." However, 
TransCanada has said Keystone won't be built with U.S. steel. The company has 
already acquired the steel, much of it from Canada and Mexico, and the White 
House has acknowledged it's too difficult to impose conditions on a pipeline 
already under construction.

   Environmental groups also say the pipeline will encourage the use of 
carbon-heavy tar sands oil which contributes more to global warming than 
cleaner sources of energy. President Barack Obama reached the same conclusion 
in 2015 after a negative recommendation from then-Secretary of State John Kerry.

   TransCanada first applied for a permit in 2008. Years of politicking, legal 
wrangling and disputes over the pipeline's route preceded Obama's decision to 
nix the project.

   The Obama administration argued the pipeline would undercut U.S. efforts to 
clinch a global climate change deal that was reached weeks later in Paris.

   The Trump administration has dropped fighting climate change as a priority 
and left open the possibility of pulling out of the Paris deal.


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