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China Tariffs Raise Trade War Worries  03/23 06:24

   Primed for economic combat, President Donald Trump set in motion tariffs on 
as much as $60 billion in Chinese imports to the U.S. on Thursday and accused 
the Chinese of high-tech thievery, picking a fight that could push the global 
heavyweights into a trade war.

   WASHINGTON (AP) -- Primed for economic combat, President Donald Trump set in 
motion tariffs on as much as $60 billion in Chinese imports to the U.S. on 
Thursday and accused the Chinese of high-tech thievery, picking a fight that 
could push the global heavyweights into a trade war.

   China threatened retaliation, and Wall Street cringed, recording one of the 
biggest drops of Trump's presidency. But he declared the U.S. would emerge 
"much stronger, much richer."

   It was the boldest example to date of Trump's "America first" agenda, the 
culmination of his longstanding view that weak U.S. trade policies and 
enforcement have hollowed out the nation's workforce and ballooned the federal 
deficit. Two weeks ago, with fanfare, he announced major penalty tariffs on 
steel and aluminum imports that he said threatened national security.

   However, even as Trump was talking tough at the White House, his 
administration moved to soften the sting of the metal tariffs, telling Congress 
on Thursday that the European Union, Australia, South Korea and other nations 
would join Canada and Mexico in gaining an initial exemption. And that raised 
questions about whether his actions will match his rhetoric.

   China responded early Friday by announcing a list of U.S. goods, including 
pork, apples and steel pipe, it said may be hit with higher import duties.

   The Commerce Ministry said the higher U.S. tariffs "seriously undermine" the 
global trading system. The ministry urged the U.S. "to resolve the concerns of 
the Chinese side as soon as possible," and appealed for dialogue "to avoid 
damage to overall Chinese-U.S. cooperation."

   At home, investors on Wall Street showed their rising concern about 
retaliation and business-stifling cost increases for companies and consumers. 
The Dow Jones industrials plunged 724 points.

   Trump himself, joined by supportive business executives, complained bitterly 
about the nation's trade deficit and accused China of stealing America's prized 

   "Any way you look at it, it is the largest deficit of any country in the 
history of our world. It's out of control," Trump said of the U.S-China 
imbalance. The U.S. reported a $375 billion deficit with China last year, which 
Trump has blamed for the loss of American jobs and closing of plants.

   The president said the tariffs could cover "about $60 billion" in trade with 
China, but senior White House officials said the U.S. Trade Representative had 
identified 1,300 product lines worth about $50 billion as potential targets.

   That list will include aerospace, information and communication technology, 
and machinery, according to a USTR fact sheet. But further details were scant.

   The order signed by Trump directed the trade representative to publish a 
list of proposed tariffs for public comment within 15 days. Trump also asked 
Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin to come up with a list of restrictions on 
Chinese investment and said the administration was preparing a case before the 
World Trade Organization.

   Despite Trump's confident words, business groups and Republican lawmakers 
are worried his tariffs could undercut actions they have welcomed in his first 

   "The vast majority of our members are very concerned that these trade 
actions will at a minimum undermine the strong business confidence that has 
been created by the tax and regulatory process," said Josh Bolten, president 
and CEO of the Business Roundtable. "And if it's taken to an extreme, it will 
reverse that progress."

   Dozens of industry groups sent a letter last weekend to Trump warning that 
"the imposition of sweeping tariffs would trigger a chain reaction of negative 
consequences for the U.S. economy, provoking retaliation, stifling U.S. 
agriculture, goods, and services exports, and raising costs for businesses and 

   Kansas Sen. Pat Roberts, Republican chairman of the Senate Agriculture 
Committee, suggested lawmakers may need to consider what he called a "Trump 
Tariff Payment" to compensate farmers if their crops face retaliation.

   But some labor unions and Democrats said Trump was justified in delivering a 
swift blow to China after years of a lax response from the U.S.

   "Chinese cheating has cost American jobs and I applaud the administration 
for standing firm in its commitment to crack down on China's continued 
violations," said Sen. Sherrod Brown of Ohio.

   Thursday's announcement marked the end of a seven-month investigation into 
the hardball tactics China has used to challenge U.S. supremacy in technology, 
including, the U.S. says, dispatching hackers to steal commercial secrets and 
demanding that U.S. companies hand over trade secrets in exchange for access to 
the Chinese market.

   Business groups mostly agree that something needs to be done about China's 
aggressive push in technology, but they worry that China will retaliate by 
targeting U.S. exports of aircraft, soybeans and other products and start a 
tit-for-tat trade war of escalating sanctions between the world's two biggest 

   "China has been trying to cool things down for weeks. They have offered 
concessions," said Mary Lovely, a Syracuse University economist and senior 
fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics. "I fear they will 
take a hard line now that their efforts have been rebuffed. ... China cannot 
appear subservient to the U.S."

   The move against China comes just as the United States prepares to impose 
tariffs of 25 percent on imported steel and 10 percent on aluminum --- 
sanctions that are meant to hit China for flooding the world with cheap steel 
and aluminum.

   Trump campaigned on promises to bring down America's massive trade deficit 
--- $566 billion last year --- by rewriting trade agreements and cracking down 
on what he called abusive practices by U.S. trading partners. The president 
said Thursday, "It's probably one of the reasons I was elected, maybe one of 
the main reasons."

   But he has been slow to turn rhetoric to action. In January, he did impose 
tariffs on imported solar panels and washing machines. Then he unveiled the 
steel and aluminum tariffs, saying reliance on imported metals jeopardizes U.S. 
national security.

   To target China, Trump dusted off a Cold War weapon for trade disputes: 
Section 301 of the U.S. Trade Act of 1974, which lets the president 
unilaterally impose tariffs. It was meant for a world in which large swaths of 
global commerce were not covered by trade agreements. With the arrival in 1995 
of the World Trade Organization, Section 301 fell largely into disuse.

   Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping enjoyed an amiable summit nearly a 
year ago at Trump's Mar-a-Lago resort in Florida. But America's longstanding 
complaints continued to simmer.

   Chinese Premier Li Keqiang this week urged Washington to act "rationally" 
and promised to open China up to more foreign products and investment.


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